Internet of Things (IoT) – The Top Tech Trend of 2020
In this technological era, most of the tech devices are having inbuilt WiFi connectivity which means they can connect through the Internet. Hence, here the term IoT or Internet of Things comes up. The Internet of Things is the future by which we can get connected to the tech devices, home equipment, cars, etc. as well as communicate data over the Internet. So, let’s begin what the Internet of Things is.
What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?
The internet of things or IoT is a system that includes a vast number of physical devices that are connected to the internet. It can collect and exchange data with other devices. Internet-connected devices use in-built sensors to communicate real-time data without requiring human-to-computer interaction. For example – Smart homes automatically adjusting lights and air condition.
How the Internet of Things work?
An IoT system consists of smart devices. It uses in-built sensors, processors to communicate, collect, exchange, and operate on data obtained from their environment. By connecting to an IoT gateway the devices share sensor data to the cloud. After the data gets to the cloud. The software analyzes it and decides to act without human intervention.
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However, users can interact with the devices to set them up, giving them instruction, or accessing the data.
Components of IoT
An IoT system consists of these main components:
A sensor or device can measure physical property such as pressure, temperature, position, etc. and respond with feedback. In other words, it can collect data from its environment. For example – Light sensor, Temperature sensor, Ultrasonic sensor, etc.
The data is sent to the cloud. Further, the sensors can be connected to several methods like satellite, WiFi, Bluetooth, or directly with the internet.
- Data Processing
Data processing carries out the operations on data such as retrieve, transform, or classify information via a computer system. Once the data sent to the cloud, a software starts processing it, for instance – identifying objects or temperature reading.
- User Interface
User interface means by which the users and a computer system can communicate. The system can interact via an alert to the user (email, text, notification, etc). For example – a notification alert when the fire sensors sense smoke. Moreover, a user has an interface that allows them to check on the system.
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Examples for the Internet of Things (IoT)
Today you can find the applications of IoT everywhere. If you look around, you are surrounded by IoT whether it’s your smart health band or watch, your smart TV, or an X-box. All these components take notes of your behavior, preferences, and usage to deliver a more personalized experience.
- Smart Homes
These homes have IoT that is designed to provide you with the best security and convenience. It can give you a feel of paradise. You can control the lights of your homes and set them up according to your mood and preferences. You can turn on your AC before even reaching your home. For instance – make sure you get cool and perfect room temperature.
Every device that is connected to the internet is a part of IoT. From your Honor smart bands to smartwatches. These devices have in-built sensors. The devices can communicate data to provide you with accurate information as you need.
- Driverless Cars
It seems one of the most futuristic applications of IoT. However, it exists today, many tech companies like Tesla, BMW, Uber, etc. have already developed these cars. These cars don’t have drivers and can take you to the instructed destination on their own. These cars are equipped with many devices such as sensors, gyroscopes, internet, etc. The cars can easily sense traffic, walker, speed breakers, potholes, corners, etc.
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Industries Using IoT
Internet of Things helps in collecting data, analytics, and marketing processes across locations. Retailers obtain IoT data from stores and digital channels. Therefore, it helps them to understand consumer behavior. Moreover, for an IoT strategy, they use Radio Frequency Identification System (RFID) inventory tracking chips, WiFi, and cellular systems.
IoT technology obtains data running in real-time from the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT). For example – Wearables and other medical connected devices. These devices help to monitor exercise, sleep, and other health habits.
IoT technology connects all stages of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). It processes from supply chain to delivery as well as for better production. Moreover, the IoT sensors in the factory can prevent defects, maximize machinery performance, boost productivity, and enhance customer experience.
IoT helps in dealing with real-world issues such as traffic congestion, economic development, city services, public safety, and security. Today Smart cities are having in-built IoT sensors for the physical infrastructure like traffic signals, streetlights, etc.
The concept of the IoT environment is everywhere. It is constantly changing the way things work and making our life easier. As the number of connected devices is rising, our lifestyle will become filled with smart devices. As a result, it will simpler our day-today issues – like connecting your home with entertainment system, setting up lights according to your mood, finding space for parking, and many more.