JSTL- Java Server Pages Standard Tag Library

JSTL- Java Server Pages Standard Tag Library

JavaServer Pages Standard Tag Library(JSTL)

At first, Web architects utilized scriptlets in JSP pages to create dynamic substance. This brought about coherence issues and made it hard to keep up the JSP page. Custom labels were acquainted with conquering the issues looked in utilizing scriptlets. Albeit custom labels end up being a superior decision than scriptlets they had certain constraints also Web originators needed to invest a great deal of energy in coding bundling and testing these labels before utilizing them. These implied Web originators were frequently left with a brief period to focus on the structuring of Web pages. 

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JSTL-What is it?

The presentation of JSTL has helped Web originators beat the weaknesses of custom labels, by epitomizing the regular functionalities that the Web architect may need to create Web pages. These functionalities incorporated the utilization of label libraries, for example, center, SQL, and XML. JSTL is Introduced specially for those Web creators who are not knowledgeable with Java programming JSTL 1.2, presented in the Java EE 5 stage, lines up with the bound together EL. Note that the bound together EL helps JavaServer Faces(JSF) to utilize JSTL labels. A similar form of JSTL, for example, JSTL 1.2, is utilized in the Java EE 6 stage also. 

What are the Features?

JSTL plans to give a simple method to keep up SP pages The utilization of labels characterized in JSTL has Simplified the assignment of the fashioners to make Web pages. They can now basically utilize a label identified with the assignment that they have to execute in a JSP page. The primary highlights of JSTL are as per the following: 

  • Offers help for restrictive handling and Uniform Resource Locator (URL)- related activities to process URL assets in a JSP page. You can likewise utilize the JSTL center label library that gives iterator labels used to handily repeat through an assortment of articles.
  • Gives the XML label library, which encourages you to control XML reports and perform activities identified with contingent and cycle preparing on parsed XML records. 
  • The internationalization label library empowers Web applications widely known. The internationalization label library makes the execution of limitations in application simple, quick, and compelling. 
  • Empowers connection with social databases by utilizing different SQL orders Web applications expect databases to store data required for the application, which can be controlled by utilizing the SQL label library gave by it. 
  • Gives a progression of capacities to perform controls, for example, checking whether an info string contains the substring indicated as a boundary to capacity or restoring the number of things in an assortment, or the number of characters in a 5tring These capacities can be utilized in an El articulation and are given by the capacities label library. 

Classification of the tags

Arranging JSTL labels by indicating their capacities and accompanying them into the label library bunches can be utilized in making a JSP page.

  • Core Tags
  • Formatting tags
  • SQL tags
  • XML tags
  • JSTL Functions
Core Tags

The core group of tags is the most generally utilized JSTL label. Following is the linguistic structure to incorporate the Core library in your JSP − 

Linguistic structure of core tags

Following table records out the core JSTL Tags − 


Formatting Tags

Formatting Tags allows you to show the Association and text, the date, the time, and numbers for Internationalized Website. 

Following is the linguistic structure to remember Formatting library for your JSP −


Following table records out the Formatting tags

SQL Tags

The JSTL SQL label library gives labels for communicating social databases (RDBMSs, for example, Oracle, MySQL, or Microsoft SQL Server. 

Following is the linguistic structure to incorporate JSTL SQL library in your JSP 

XML tags

The JSTL XML labels give a JSP-driven method of making and controlling the XML archives. 

The JSTL XML label library has custom labels for interfacing with the XML information. This incorporates parsing the XML, changing the XML information, and the stream control dependent on the XPath articulation 

Before you continue with the models, you should duplicate the accompanying two XML and XPath related libraries into your <Tomcat Installation Directory>\lib − 

Following is the rundown of XML JSTL Tags − 


Also read, about the OOPS concept in Java

How to Install the JSTL library?

To start working with JSP labels you have to initially introduce the JSTL library. If you are utilizing the Apache Tomcat holder, at that point follow these two stages − 

Stage 1 − Download the double dissemination from Apache Standard Taglib and unload the packed document. 

Stage 2 − To utilize the Standard Taglib from its Jakarta Taglibs appropriation, just duplicate the JAR records in the circulation’s ‘lib’ registry to your application’s webapps\ROOT\WEB-INF\lib index. 

To utilize any of the libraries, you should incorporate an <taglib> order at the head of each JSP that utilizes the library. 


In conclusion, this article would have helped you in figuring out what is Java Server page Standard Tag Library. Therefore, now we hope that you all will be thorough about the features, classifications, and the steps for installing your very own JSTL library.


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